Dry Needling! Never Tried it? Your questions answered!

Updated: Jan 10

I began using Dry Needling as part of my treatment over five years ago! I can only wish I learnt the skill sooner! Dry needling has taken my Soft Tissue Therapy practice from strength to strength. A simple, painless treatment that allows me to work in specific areas around the body quickly and effectively relieving pain. From tennis elbow, tension headaches, sciatica sensations through to shin splints Dry Needling can be used for a huge array of Soft Tissue complaints.

What is Dry Needling?

It is a treatment technique whereby a sterile, single-use, fine filament needle (acupuncture needle) is inserted into the muscle to assist with reducing pain and improving function through the release of myofascial trigger points (knots in muscle).

What is the Difference Between Dry Needling and Acupuncture?

Dry needling is not the same as acupuncture, although there are similarities between the two techniques. The main difference between dry needling and acupuncture is the theory behind why the methods work. Dry needling’s primarily focused on the reduction of pain and restoration of function through the release of myofascial trigger points in the muscle. In comparison, acupuncture focuses on the treatment of medical conditions by restoring the flow of energy (Qi) through critical points in the body (meridians) to restore balance.

What is a Myofascial Trigger Point?

A myofascial trigger point, also known as a knot in the muscle, is a group of muscle fibres which have shortened when activated but have not been able to lengthen back to a relaxed state after use. A myofascial trigger point develops a sensitive nodule in the muscle (Simons, Travell & Simons, 1999). This hypersensitivity occurs as the muscle fibres become so tight that they compress the capillaries and nerves that supply them (McPartland, 2004; Simons et al., 1999). As a result, the muscle is unable to move frequently, obtain a fresh blood supply containing oxygen and nutrients, or flush out additional acidic chemicals (McPartland, 2004; Simons et al., 1999). In addition to this nodule, the remainder of the muscle also tightens to compensate (Simons et al., 1999; Simons, 2002). The presence of a myofascial trigger point in a muscle can lead to discomfort with touch, movement and stretching; to decreased joint motion; and even a temporary loss of coordination (Simons et al., 1999).

How Does Dry Needling Work?

Dry needling assists with decreasing local muscular pain and improving function through the restoration of a muscle’s natural ability to lengthen and shorten by releasing myofascial trigger points.

What Does Dry Needling Do?

When the delicate filament needle inserts into the centre of a myofascial trigger point, blood pools around the needle triggering the contracted muscle fibres to relax. It also helps to provide those fibres with fresh oxygen and nutrients, as well as by flushing away any additional acidic chemicals. This reaction, in turn, leads to the decompression of the local blood and nerve supply.

What Causes a Myofascial Trigger Point?

A myofascial trigger point develops as part of the body’s protective response following:

  • Injury – the muscle will tighten in an attempt to reduce the severity of an injury

  • Unexpected movements, e.g. descending a step that is lower than initially anticipated

  • Quick movements, e.g. looking over your shoulder while driving

  • Change in regular activity or muscle loading, e.g. an increase in the number or intensity of training sessions for sport